To the left is a photo of the equipment rack holding the RCA AM Stereo equipment installed at
the WNBC transmitter, to convert it for AM Stereo operation. Of special interest
are the "Matrix", "FM Exciter", and "Monitor", which are explained below.
The block diagram below gives an overview of the operation of RCA's AM Stereo system.
The Left and Right audio signals from the studio first pass through a "matrix" which
changes them to a L+R stereo sum signal, and a L-R stereo difference signal. The
L+R stereo sum signal is feed to the normal AM modulation input of the transmitter,
through the customary limiting amplifier. Using the sum of the Left and Right audio signals
to Amplitude Modulate the transmitter insures that a listener with a monophonic radio will
receive a balanced, distortion free program. The "matrix" also includes a time delay circuit
in the L+R signal path to compensate for the additional time delay the "FM exciter". The
L-R signal is feed to the "FM exciter" through another limiting amplifier, whose
gain control is slaved to the L+R limiter. The "FM exciter" uses a serrasoid modulator
operating at a frequency of 110 kHz, which is one sixth of WNBC's final operating frequency
of 660 kHz. After FM modulation, the 110 kHz signal passes through frequency multiplier
stages which multiply its frequency by a factor of six, to the 660 kHz carrier frequency
signal that drives the RCA-50B transmitter, in place of the original crystal oscillator unit.
The "Monitor" is a high quality receiver/demodulator that is used to measure, and monitor,
the performance of the AM Stereo transmitter.
To learn more about the legendary RCA 50B Transmitter,Click Here
This is a photo of a prototype AM Stereo Receiver built by RCA, to receive the 1959 AM Stereo Broadcasts on WNBC.
This prototype AM Stereo Receiver is based on the chassis of an RCA Model XF-2 radio receiver.
To view the schematic of the RCA AM Stereo Receiver, Click Here
I would be interested in hearing from anyone that has any additional information on
the RCA AM Stereo system, and the field tests at WNBC in 1959.
I can be reached by email